This paper argues the origins of the artificial ice trade was triggered by the Union Naval blockade of the American Civil War (1861-1865), thus causing the slow death of the long-established natural ice trade (1805-1950’s). By the time of the Civil War, southern ports had been accustomed to and dependent on having natural ice for their daily living. This included iced meats, fish and vegetables; and also ice needed for breweries, bars, restaurants, and hospitals. This frozen gold was shipped from men like Frederic Tudor (September 4, 1783 – February 6, 1864) and his successful Tudor Ice business. To substantiate this, a bit of background information on the natural ice trade and early attempts to manufacture ice, is needed before the ramifications of the blockade are discussed.
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